How Modernism and Postmodernism Perspectives Can Inform Counseling Practices?

  • Farhana Sabri Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia
Keywords: Counseling Practices, Modernism, Postmodernism


Counseling practices are informed by traditional approaches – identifying the root of the client’s problems or causes and removing them, thus bringing relief to the client. In psychoanalysis, the causes may be located in the deep recesses of the mind (repression); for the Rogerian they may reside in the client’s discrepancy between ideal-self and real self; while the cognitive counselor will trace the root of the problem to defective thinking. Social constructionism challenges these approaches to counseling practices.


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Gergen, K. J. (2009). An Invitation to Social Construction. United Kingdom: Sage Publication Ltd. Google Scholar

Harrocks, R. (2001). Freud Revisited: Psychoanalytic Themes in the Postmodern Age. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Marotta, S. A., & Watts, R. E. (2007). An introduction to the best practices section in the Journal of Counseling and Development. Journal of Counseling and Development, 85, 491-503.

How to Cite
Sabri, F. (2023). How Modernism and Postmodernism Perspectives Can Inform Counseling Practices?. Bulletin of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 5(1), 111-113.