Digital Dynamics: Investigating the Correlation between Social Media Addiction and Students' Relational Aggression

  • Yuda Syahputra Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Solihatun Solihatun Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Merri Hafni Universitas Medan Area Medan, Indonesia
  • Miswanto Miswanto Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • Asbi Asbi Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara Medan, Indonesia
  • Nurul Fajri Universitas Islam As syafi'iah Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Sally Putri Karisma Universitas Cenderawasih Papua, Indonesia
  • Candra Prasiska Rahmat Universitas Indraprasta PGRI, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Lira Erwinda Universitas Bina Bangsa Serang, Indonesia
Keywords: covert interpersonal conflict, relational aggression, social media addiction


Background of the study: In the ever-evolving digital era, this study emerges to uncover potential concealed connections between social media addiction and relational aggression behaviour among university students. Aims and scope of paper: This study aims to investigate the relationship between social media addiction and relational aggression among students at Universitas Negeri Padang Methods: The research design used in this study is correlational research. The research sample consists of 526 respondents from various faculties, aged between 19 and 30 years. Data collection was conducted through two questionnaires measuring social media addiction and relational aggression behaviour. Result: The correlation analysis of the hypothesis test, utilizing the Pearson product-moment correlation test, has provided compelling evidence. The Pearson correlation coefficient, which stands at 0.682, signifies a substantial and positive relationship between the variables under scrutiny: social media addiction and relational aggressive behaviour among students at Universitas Negeri Padang. Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between social media addiction and the prevalence of relational aggressive behaviour among Universitas Negeri Padang students.


Download data is not yet available.


Afdal, A., Alizamar, A., Ifdil, I., Ardi, Z., Sukmawati, I., Zikra, Z., Ilyas, A., Fikri, M., Syahputra, Y., & Hariyani, H. (2019). An Analysis of Phubbing Behaviour: Preliminary research from counseling perspective. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 295(ICETeP 2018), 270–273.
Alizamar, Fikri, M., Afdal, Syahputra, Y., Sukmawati, I., & Ilyas, A. (2019). Phubbing behavior: How it’s related to happiness. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 5(6), 348–358.
Alzougool, B. (2018). The impact of motives for Facebook use on Facebook addiction among ordinary users in Jordan. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 64(6), 528–535.
Archer, J. (2004). Sex differences in aggression in real-world settings: A meta-analytic review. Review of General Psychology, 8(4), 291–322.
Archer, J., & Coyne, S. M. (2005). An integrated review of indirect, relational, and social aggression. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9(3), 212–230.
Bergman, B. G., Claire Greene, M., Hoeppner, B. B., & Kelly, J. F. (2018). Expanding the reach of alcohol and other drug services: Prevalence and correlates of US adult engagement with online technology to address substance problems. Addictive Behaviors, 87, 74–81.
Björkqvist, K. (1994). Sex differences in physical, verbal, and indirect aggression: A review of recent research. Sex Roles, 30(3–4), 177–188.
Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). PERSONALITY PROCESSES AND INDIVIDUAL The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality, 63(3), 452–459.
Card, N. A., Stucky, B. D., Sawalani, G. M., & Little, T. D. (2008). Direct and indirect aggression during childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic review of gender differences, intercorrelations, and relations to maladjustment. Child Development, 79(5), 1185–1229.
Chang, F. C., Chiu, C. H., Chen, P. H., Chiang, J. T., Miao, N. F., Chuang, H. Y., & Liu, S. (2019). Children’s use of mobile devices, smartphone addiction and parental mediation in Taiwan. Computers in Human Behavior, 93, 25–32.
Coyne, S. M., Ehrenreich, S. E., Holmgren, H. G., & Underwood, M. K. (2019). “We’re not gonna be friends anymore”: Associations between viewing relational aggression on television and relational aggression in text messaging during adolescence. Aggressive Behavior, 45(3), 319–326.
Coyne, S. M., & Ostrov, J. M. (2018). The development of relational aggression: An introduction. In The Development of Relational Aggression. Oxford University Press.
Coyne, S. M., Robinson, S. L., & Nelson, D. A. (2010). Does reality backbite? Physical, verbal, and relational aggression in reality television programs. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 54(2), 282–298.
Crick, N. R., Casas, J. F., & Nelson, D. A. (2002). Toward a more comprehensive understanding of peer maltreatment: Studies of relational victimization. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11(3), 98–101.
Dailey, A. L., Frey, A. J., & Walker, H. M. (2015). Relational aggression in school settings: Definition, development, strategies, and implications. Children and Schools, 37(2), 79–88.
Dewi, K. S., Prihatsanti, U., Setyawan, I., & Siswati. (2015). Children’s Aggressive Behavior Tendency in Central Java Coastal Region: The Role of Parent-Child Interaction, Father’s Affection and Media Exposure. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 23(Ictcred 2014), 192–198.
Engineering, I. (2019). Social media addiction and its analysis.
Eschleman, K. J., Bowling, N. A., Michel, J. S., & Burns, G. N. (2014). Perceived intent of supervisor as a moderator of the relationships between abusive supervision and counterproductive work behaviours. Work and Stress, 28(4), 362–375.
Fernández-Aliseda, S., Belzunegui-Eraso, A., Pastor-Gosálbez, I., & Valls-Fonayet, F. (2020). Compulsive internet and prevalence substance use among spanish adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(23), 1–14.
Gómez, P., Rial, A., Braña, T., Golpe, S., & Varela, J. (2017). Screening of Problematic Internet Use among Spanish Adolescents: Prevalence and Related Variables. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 20(4), 259–267.
Griffiths, M. D., & Kuss, D. J. (2017). Adolescent social media addiction (revisited). Education and Health, 35(3), 49–52.
Haskett, M. E., & Willoughby, M. (2007). Paths to child social adjustment: Parenting quality and children’s processing of social information. Child: Care, Health and Development, 33(1), 67–77.
Haviv, S., & Leman, P. J. (2002). Moral decision-making in real life: Factors affecting moral orientation and behaviour justification. Journal of Moral Education, 31(2), 121–140.
IBM Corporation. (2011). IBM SPSS Amos 20 User’s Guide. Csun.Edu, 1–680.
Istiqomah, W. (2019). Hubungan Intensitas Penggunaan Gadget Dan Motivasi Belajar Dengan Hasil Belajar Ips Kelas V Sd Negeri Gugus Drupadi Kecamatan Gunungpati Semarang. Skripsi, 1–146.
Kaukiainen, A., Salmivalli, C., Björkqvist, K., Österman, K., Lahtinen, A., Kostamo, A., & Lagerspetz, K. (2001). Overt and covert aggression in work settings in relation to the subjective well‐being of employees. Aggressive Behavior, 27(5), 360–371.
Keashly, L. (2001). Interpersonal and systemic aspects of emotional abuse at work: The target’s perspective. Violence and Victims, 16(3), 233–268.
Keenan, K., Coyne, C., & Lahey, B. B. (2008). Should relational aggression be included in DSM-V? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(1), 86–93.
Kibona, L., & Mgaya, G. (2015). Smartphones’ Effects on Academic Performance of Higher Learning Students. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, 2(4), 3159–40.
Ko, C. H., Yen, J. Y., Liu, S. C., Huang, C. F., & Yen, C. F. (2009). The Associations Between Aggressive Behaviors and Internet Addiction and Online Activities in Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44(6), 598–605.
Köse, Ö. B., & Doğan, A. (2019). The Relationship between Social Media Addiction and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions, 6(1), 175–190.
Lansford, J. E., Skinner, A. T., Sorbring, E., Giunta, L. Di, Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K. A., Malone, P. S., Oburu, P., Pastorelli, C., Tapanya, S., Uribe Tirado, L. M., Zelli, A., Al-Hassan, S. M., Peña Alampay, L., Bacchini, D., Bombi, A. S., Bornstein, M. H., & Chang, L. (2012). Boys’ and Girls’ Relational and Physical Aggression in Nine Countries. Aggressive Behavior, 38(4), 298–308.
Low, S., Frey, K. S., & Brockman, C. J. (2010). Gossip on the playground: Changes associated with universal intervention, retaliation beliefs, and supportive friends. School Psychology Review, 39(4), 536–551.
Martins, N., & Weaver, A. (2019). The role of media exposure on relational aggression: A meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 47, 90–99.
Müller, K. W., Dreier, M., Beutel, M. E., Duven, E., Giralt, S., & Wölfling, K. (2016). A hidden type of internet addiction? Intense and addictive use of social networking sites in adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 172–177.
Murray-Close, D., Crick, N. R., & Galotti, K. M. (2006). Children’s moral reasoning regarding physical and relational aggression. Social Development, 15(3), 345–372.
Murray-Close, D., Crick, N. R., Tseng, W. L., Lafko, N., Burrows, C., Pitula, C., & Ralston, P. (2014). Physiological stress reactivity and physical and relational aggression: The moderating roles of victimization, type of stressor, and child gender. Development and Psychopathology, 26(3), 589–603.
Murray-Close, D., Nelson, D. A., Ostrov, J. M., Casas, J. F., & Crick, N. R. (2016). Relational aggression: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental Psychopathology (3rd ed., pp. 660–722). Wiley.
Murray-Close, D., Ostrov, J. M., Nelson, D. A., Crick, N. R., & Coccaro, E. F. (2010). Proactive, reactive, and romantic relational aggression in adulthood: Measurement, predictive validity, gender differences, and association with Intermittent Explosive Disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 44(6), 393–404.
Ostrov, J. M., Godleski, S. A., Kamper-Demarco, K. E., Blakely-Mcclure, S. J., & Celenza, L. (2015). Replication and extension of the early childhood friendship project: Effects on physical and relational bullying. School Psychology Review, 44(4), 445–463.
Özdemir, Y., Kuzucu, Y., & Ak, Ş. (2014). Depression, loneliness and Internet addiction: How important is low self-control? Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 284–290.
Peng, C. T., Wu, T. Y., Chen, Y., & Atkin, D. J. (2019). Comparing and modeling via social media: The social influences of fitspiration on male instagram users’ work out intention. Computers in Human Behavior, 99, 156–167.
PH. and Chang, Y. C. (2009). Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Research Design Qualitative Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. In Research Design (Vol. 4, Issue June). Sage publications.
Prabowo, N. (2021). Social Network Analysis for User Interaction Analysis on Social Media Regarding E-Commerce Business. IJIIS: International Journal of Informatics and Information Systems, 4(2), 95–102.
Rasmussen, E. E., Coyne, S. M., Martins, N., & Densley, R. L. (2018). Parental mediation of US youths’ exposure to televised relational aggression. Journal of Children and Media, 12(2), 192–210.
Resti. (2015). Penggunaan Smartphone Dikalangan Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau, 1(1), 1–15.
Sagita, D. D., Erwinda, L., & Syahputra, Y. (2020). Contribution of the Internet Uses to Student Morale: Study in High School. In International Conference on Progressive Education (ICOPE 2019), 330–332.
Sandjaja, S. S., & Syahputra, Y. (2019). Has a fear of missing out contributed to phubbing among students? International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 5(6), 219–230.
Sellers, K. F., Millenbach, L., Ward, K., & Scribani, M. (2012). The degree of horizontal violence in RNs practicing in New York state. Journal of Nursing Administration, 42(10), 483–487.
Selman. (2003). Promotion of Social Awarness: Powerful Lessons for the Partnership of Developmental Theory and Social-Emotional Development Domain. Russell Sage Foundation.
Sharma, P. N. (2018). Moving beyond the employee: The role of the organizational context in leader workplace aggression. Leadership Quarterly, 29(1), 203–217.
Stacy Jo Dixon. (2023). Number of social media users worldwide from 2017 to 2027. Statista .
Tartila, P. L. (2013). Fanatisme Fans Kpop Dalam Blog Netizenbuzz. Commonline, 2(3), 190–205.
Teater, B. (2021). Ecological systems theory. Theoretical Perspectives for Direct Social Work Practice: A Generalist-Eclectic Approach: Fourth Edition, 47–60.
Tian, Q. tao, Song, Y., Kwan, H. K., & Li, X. (2019). Workplace gossip and frontline employees’ proactive service performance. Service Industries Journal, 39(1), 25–42.
Um, Y. J., Choi, Y. J., & Yoo, S. Y. (2019). Relationships between smartphone dependency and aggression among middle school students: Mediating and moderating effects of ego-resilience, parenting behaviour, and peer attachment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3534.
Vaillancourt, T., Miller, J. L., & Sharma, A. (2010). “Tripping the Prom Queen”: Female intrasexual competition and indirect aggression. Indirect and Direct Aggression, 17–32.
Woods, T., Coyle, K., Hoglund, W., & Leadbeater, B. (2014). Changing the contexts of peer victimization: The effects of a primary prevention program on school and classroom levels of victimization. Bullying, Victimization, and Peer Harassment: A Handbook of Prevention and Intervention, 31(4), 369–388.
Wu, L., Zhang, D., Su, Z., & Hu, T. (2015). Peer Victimization among Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analytic Review of Links to Emotional Maladjustment. Clinical Pediatrics, 54(10), 941–955.
Yang, H., Tng, G. Y. Q., Khoo, S. S., & Yang, S. (2022). Multidimensional Profiles of Addictive Smartphone Use: A Latent Profile Analysis. Current Psychology, 41(12), 8410–8423.
Yilmaz, R., Sulak, S., Griffiths, M. D., & Yilmaz, F. G. K. (2023). An Exploratory Examination of the Relationship Between Internet Gaming Disorder, Smartphone Addiction, Social Appearance Anxiety and Aggression Among Undergraduate Students. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports, 11, 100483.
Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., & Pronk, R. E. (2012). Relation of depression and anxiety to self- and peer-reported relational aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 38(1), 16–30.
How to Cite
Syahputra, Y., Solihatun, S., Hafni, M., Miswanto, M., Asbi, A., Fajri, N., Putri Karisma, S., Prasiska Rahmat, C., & Erwinda, L. (2024). Digital Dynamics: Investigating the Correlation between Social Media Addiction and Students’ Relational Aggression. Bulletin of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 6(2).